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The story of Carrozzeria Garavini

The beginning

Eusebio Garavini was born in Forlì on the 23rd of July, 1878 from father Fortunato, and mother Clotilde Tesei. In 1899 he moved to Turin and became a factory worker for Diatto’s workshops, where, after a little while, he gained more and more responsibilities in the machining departments. He then went to work for Locati & Torretta and, in the end, after he gained his certificate as a technical director, he started working in Carrozzeria Taurus in Turin.

Carrozzeria Garavini

In 1908 he took over Carrozzeria Piemonte which was planning the production of horse carriages and frames for motorized vehicles of any kind. The company, under the direction of Garavini, obtained great results, so much so that in 1911 it turned into G. Diatto – E. Garavini & Co. Other members of the company, situated in Turin, precisely in Corso Regina Margherita, were G. and E. Diatto, G. Fissore, F. Tosa, and G.B. Ceirano.

1914 Fiat 18 BL - Photo courtesy of Fondazione Negri

The dream starts off

Diatto-Garavini’s company started its activity with fifty workers, a remarkable workforce at the time for a company that was destined to the production of luxury cars, lorries, and omnibuses; but in 1914 the number of workers doubled. At the beginning of World War I the production shifted to military vehicles and ambulances; to make up for the increasing necessity for workers it reached five hundred work units and labor was divided into two turns. In 1917 the Diatto brothers left the company which, on the 11th of April 1918 turned into s.a.s. E. Garavini & Co.

1924 Advertising Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8 Limousine Dorsay

The success

At the end of the war, the company turned back to its production for civil use: FIAT, Lancia, Isotta Fraschini and Itala took advantage of its services for the bodies of their vehicles. A vehicle created by Garavini’s creativity, which gained great success was the “belvedere”, which had a special roof that could be unfolded and folded by just one person. Among his clients, there were Benito Mussolini, King Menelik and Queen Thaitù, and other dignitaries and royals from all over Europe. In the field of industrial vehicles, the company designed and built refrigerated wagons, vehicles for public transport, and ambulances for companies in Rome and Turin.

1924 Itala Tipo 61

In 1926 the company released its first completely metallic body with a roof that could be completely opened. In 1927 the “pleumelastica superleggerissima” was exhibited in the Milan Salon, it had a suspension system made of rubber pads inserted between the body and the frame which were designed to make the drive more comfortable. The system was defined as “the only real innovation” of the Salon during those days. From the official catalog of the Milan Salon from 1928, we see that the company had sales showrooms in the main Italian cities and that it provided busses for Rome’s and Turin’s urban services. Moreover, we can see the various vehicles exhibited, among which it’s worth remembering the spider cabriolet with the FIAT 509 frame, the car with the FIAT 510 frame, and the one with the FIAT 510 frame with folding seats and a middle partition wall; but it’s also worth mentioning other vehicles on Isotta Fraschini, Itala, Lancia-Lambda frames and a Lancia omnibus on a type-long Omicron frame.

1927 Lancia Pentajota Omnibus

The vehicles exhibited at the International Milan Salon in 1930 were also highly regarded by the public. Among these is worth remembering Victoria, which was defined as one the “most beautiful interpretations of the FIAT 514”, and the powerful Lancia-Lambda cabriolet. In that year’s Milan Salon there was also a low-noise belvedere bus with a transforming body, which was a true attraction. The bus could be transformed into a closed or open bus by just one person, and the uprights had the minimum thickness and it had wide protective glasses even in the opened version. The vehicle had a unique ventilation system that made sure the air was filtered in the passenger environment and that fumes were conveyed outside even when the glasses were completely closed. Then it had an innovative system for that time which allowed the driver’s seat to slide and to be adjusted according to the driver’s needs. The seat itself could also be tipped-up, creating a single plan with the seat immediately behind it.

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Dark years and WWII

The following years, also because of the international crisis, Garavini went through serious difficulties that led it to bankruptcy in 1933. After that, it was taken over by a management company in 1935 and turned into Stabilimenti Garavini.

Photo courtesy of Garavini Torino

During World War II the facilities worked at full speed making vehicles for the army but also ambulances and motorized sleds for the ARMIR (the Italian expeditionary corps in Russia). The conflict seriously damaged the facilities and after the war, Garavini chose to focus his productive effort on busses. In 1942 Garavini patented the three-axis trolley bus on which they anchored draw, suspension, and direction gears. Among other inventions from that period, Garavini’s company made sunroofs and folding doors.

Photo courtesy of Garavini Torino

Garavini was president and general manager until his death, which happened on the 6th of May 1947.

After war and the decline

At the beginning of the Fifties, Garavini’s facilities expanded in a large triangle in the village of Vanchiglia, in Turin. After the war, Garavini’s company introduced some innovations in the production of cars, for example, they abandoned every trace of wood in the body and preferred bodies with a completely metallic shell, which had already been introduced back in 1926, they also worked towards the invention of a monocoque since, according to Garavini engineers, the ideal car had to have a weight-bearing body so that there was a greater transport capacity with less weight and with the same power. They widely used light alloy like duralumin, which undergoes simple anomic oxidation to create a superficial layer that’s extremely tough and unalterable.

1947 Fiat 1500 Trasformabile

Because of the standardization of products that occurred after the second world war, there was less interest in custom-made products. Since Garavini’s company didn’t want to lose its essence made of luxury cars with personalized details they were forced to close down in 1958.

The rebirth

To celebrate the 111 years of the Coachbuilder Garavini, 2020 the brand sees its rebirth and will us delight with new creations in the next years. Keep following us for new updates.

More info here: www.garavinitorino.com

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Bertone has once again outdone itself with the new eco-friendly hypercar, the GB110. What’s special about it? The fuel is obtained by transforming plastic waste.

Every year, Top Marques Monaco manages to attract luxurious brands and models. The renowned event also showcased a new Italian hypercar, the Bertone GB110. Besides its stunning beauty, the hypercar has another remarkable feature that makes it highly intriguing: its ecological spirit. Yes, nowadays, hybrid and electric vehicles are a reality in the industry, but the approach to environmental respect takes a different form here.

From “bi” to Three-Dimensional

For almost two years, the project was the talk of the town following some detailed renderings. But transitioning from “bi” to three-dimensional is a vast leap. This is why enthusiasts were keen to see if the initially proclaimed qualities would hold up in reality. The company’s reputation, earned over years of distinguished service, suggested they would. After sadly going bankrupt in 2014, before rising from its ashes, the designers aimed to astonish visitors. Judging by the initial reactions, they succeeded.

On the occasion of the company’s 110th anniversary, the “stylists on four wheels” unveiled the GB110, and it must be said: it knows how to make an impression. The bodywork of the beast deviates from typical market clichés, and given the many expensive hypercars on sale, this already speaks volumes about its distinctive personality. The front exudes natural charisma with its narrow headlights and the thin extended section between the slightly raised lights above the hood, while the rear displays imposing strength.

Is the Engine from the Lamborghini Huracan? Clues Point to Yes

Previously, company spokespersons admitted to drawing inspiration from a pre-existing car, without specifying which one. We may have to live with this mystery, although the prevailing theory suggests it derives from the Lamborghini Huracan. This is implied by the “beating heart,” a ten-cylinder 5.2-liter engine augmented by a pair of turbochargers, capable of unleashing 1,100 HP and 1,100 Nm of peak torque.

The design team claims it can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in 2.79 seconds, from 0 to 200 km/h in 6.79 seconds, and reach 300 km/h from a standstill in just 14 seconds. The top speed exceeds 380 km/h. The exuberance is delivered through a seven-speed dual-clutch transmission to all four wheels.

Impressive numbers, but almost overshadowed by the unique fuel system. Instead of relying on traditional gasoline and diesel, the engineers opted for something truly original: plastic waste. In collaboration with Select Fuel, the company developed a patented technology to convert polycarbonate materials into fossil fuel. Speaking about what motivated Bertone to take on this challenge, CEO Jean-Frank stated, “We believe that tackling pollution requires diverse solutions employing various technologies. Plastic waste must be treated as a valuable resource. Through our partnership with Select Fuel, we transform waste into its original form.”