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The Rayton Fissore / LaForza Magnum: The first luxury SUV

The origin

The Magnum, presented in 1984 by Rayton Fissore (Carrozzeria Fissore heir company), was the last entirely Italian off-road vehicle after the Fiat Campagnola left the scene in 1987.

Designed by Tom Tjaarda and presented at the Turin Motor Show in 1985, it was characterized by an elegant line, a high level of comfort and a very accurate interor results of the handcrafted assembly. The Magnum also featured hi-level and luxury accessories, never seen on an off-road vehicle of those years, such as electric windows, air conditioning, alloy wheels, leather interior. The Magnum also made use of components of “recycled” from other cars, like the Fiat Uno tail lights.

Despite the lack of a sales network, the Magnum was realtively sold well. It was also the Italian Police service vehicle with over 1,000 speciments ordered. In the 1990s the Magnum, redesigned in the front and fitted with a 5-liter Ford V8 engine capable of delivering 185 hp, also landed in the U.S. sold with the LaForza brand.

In 1996 the company name changed to “Magnum Industriale” which at the 1998 Turin Auto Show, unveiled the prototypes VAV (“Vehicle of Fast Attack”) and a completely redesigned road version. After two years of negotiations, the company was taken over by Laforza SpA, which, based on the Magnum, produced even more prototypes with three different engines; a 440 HP petrol V8, a 250 HP V6 Alfa Romeo and a 170 HP Iveco TurboDiesel. Once again, the prototypes didn’t reached the production stage due to lack of capitals and soon the company went bankrupt.

In 2004 Alessandro Festa, owner of “Golden Car”, bought all the know-out and all the materials of the the Magnum plant in Cherasco. Sinces Golden Car, in the past, had developed and produced all the equipment which was used to produce the Magnum, it tried to  take over the production with significant improvements.

Since the beginning of its history, the Magnum bodies were produced in Caramagna (CN) by Golden Car itself which, following the acquisition, began to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of this vehicle, in oder to create a new version based on its  technological heritage. 

The LaForza Magnum prototype

The first model of this ambitious project was a Magnum prototype fitted with the Alfa Romeo V6 Busso engine and built under the Laforza brand. The LaForza Magnum V6 prototype stood out for its aggressive look of the front with its new head lights.

Photo courtesy of autoruote4x4.com

Inside LaForza Magnum, the materials and confort were in line with the luxury ’85 version. The brightness was excellent thanks to the large glass surfaces and the sunroof. A satellite navigator has been also added to the dashboard. The 250 HP Alfa Romeo V6 did actually a good job regardless its size; acceleration has significantly improved and top speed went from 150 to 190 km/h. Handling was also surprisingly good thanks to the calibration of the suspensions and the considerable track width. Off-road performance remained as reliable as in the first version and allowed to overcome slopes of up to 100% with the reduced gears. This version was upgraded also in the braking system which now adopted ventilated discs also on the rear axle. ABS was also added which could be deactivated for better offroad. 

In 18 years around 6000 Magnums were produced including the American LaForza versions (1200) and the latter updated and assembled by Pininfarina and subsequently supplied directly by Rayton Fissore. After numerous legal events involving the manufacturer and its partners, production officially ended in 2003 with the last bodies assembled by LaForza Automobiles Inc. in the U.S.

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With the new Tender2, Carrozzeria Castagna inaugurates a series of one-offs derived from the electric Fiat 500, after several creations based on the combustion-engined model, also under the Abarth brand. The atelier, which has acquired no fewer than 32 3D printers for the carbon customisation of its new models, has created this example for the Hotel Mandarin Oriental in Blevio, whose guests can now rent this little beach car with a canopy to enjoy the view of Lake Como.

Built in eight months on the basis of the “La Prima” launch edition, the Tender 2 sports a tone-on-tone mustard yellow bodywork, combined with a Sapelli mahogany wood kit with eight-layer workmanship inspired by the most classic Riva motorboats, to give this material a characteristic shiny, almost glassy effect. Even the chrome-plated ‘comet’, which is placed on the lower part of the side, is inspired by nautical elements, such as the side air exhausts of the Riva boats themselves.

Inside are two BMW-derived power seats, customised with brown eco-leather upholstery in different tones, which also characterises the lower part of the dashboard, the armrest and other elements of the passenger compartment. The backrests of these seats are made of yellow-grey-brown nautical fabric with a houndstooth motif, which is also echoed in the large, horizontally developed element of the dashboard. There is also a soft carpet covering at the occupants’ feet.

The rear of the car is where the nautical inspiration is most evident, thanks to an extensive use of mahogany and the presence of the side lockers, with relative hatches. On the entrance threshold the presence of a steel door sill is evident, whose chrome finish is recalled by the cap at the bottom of the floor: by lifting it, it is possible to take advantage of the supplied shower. Here again there is no absence of wicker, a classic in Castagna customisation.